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Title IX


The Statute

 No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, --be excluded from participation in, --be denied the benefits of, or --be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.

20 U.S.C. §1681

Title IX was only about equity in sports; it is now a prohibition against sex-based discrimination in education. It addresses discrimination against women in programs such as STEM (science, technology, engineering, and math), pregnant, and parenting students. It also addresses sexual harassment, gender-based discrimination, and sexual violence. The definition of sexual violence includes attempted or completed rape or sexual assault, as well as sexual harassment, stalking, voyeurism, exhibitionism, verbal or physical sexuality-based threats or abuse, and intimate partner violence.

Title IX Process Flowchart - pdf

You are protected under Title IX even if you do not experience sex discrimination directly. Schools must take immediate steps to address any sex discrimination, sexual harassment, or sexual violence on campus to prevent it from affecting students further. If a school knows or reasonably should know about discrimination, harassment, or violence that is creating a “hostile environment” for any student, it must act to eliminate it, remedy the harm caused, and prevent its recurrence. Schools may not discourage survivors from continuing their education, such as telling them to “take time off” or forcing them to quit a team, club, or class. You have the right to remain on campus and have every educational program and opportunity available to you.

At the time a report is made, you are not required to decide on any particular course of action. Choosing how to move forward after reporting the incident is a personal decision that may change over time.