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Center for Applied Research and Public Policy (CARPP)

  Publications - Neighborhood Composition and Urban Development

HUD's Public Housing Program

What is Public Housing: Public housing was established to provide decent and safe rental housing for eligible low-income families, the elderly, and persons with disabilities. Public housing comes in all sizes and types, from scattered single family houses to highrise apartments for elderly families. There are approximately 1.2 million households living in public housing units, managed by some 3,300 HAs. The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) administers Federal aid to local housing agencies (HAs) that manage the housing for low-income residents at rents they can afford. HUD furnishes technical and professional assistance in planning, developing and managing these developments. article

Section 8 Program Background Information

The Section 8 Program was authorized by Congress in 1974 and developed by HUD to provide rental subsidies for eligible tenant families (including single persons) residing in newly constructed, rehabilitated and existing rental and cooperative apartment projects.  article

Funding and Investment In Infrastructure by: Micheal A. Pagano

Funding and investing in infrastructure are not only about finding adequate resources to meet the demands of the citizenry. Rather, funding and investing in infrastructure are parts of a larger governmental process involving the assessment of demand for the facility, estimating and measuring consumption of the facility, and assessing the performance or condition of existing facilities. Finding resources for infrastructure, then, is part and parcel of government planning and budgeting, functions and exercises that require a thorough assessment of infrastructure need, use, and demand.  article

Ten Lessons for Policy and Practice

Low-income families that live in distressed, high-poverty neighborhoods face especially daunting challenges as they attempt to leave welfare, find jobs, earn an adequate living, and raise their children. In these neighborhoods, crime and violence are common, jobs are scarce, schools are often ineffective, and young people see few opportunities for success. article

Does Urbanization Mean Bigger Governments? by: Michael Jetter and Christopher F. Parmeter

The global population has more than doubled since 1960, from 3 billion to over 6.8 billion people. At the same time, rapid urbanization has taken place. Today, half of the world population lives in cities, compared to 37 percent in 1975. As population is predicted to keep growing, so is urbanization. The U.N. anticipates the global urbanization rate to hit 57 percent for the year 2025.  article
The New Majority-Minority City- APA

Dr. Glenna Matthews, a historian who has studied San Jose for 35 years, will explore how the city's past can help in understanding the possibilities presented by its future. She has learned that the treatment of people of color in the 19th century was not invariably shocking, and that European Catholic immigrants were often able to find opportunities denied to them elsewhere. Brief
American Community Survey
5-year 2007-2011 ACS charts for African Americans (about 1,200) and American Indians (about 325). Fact Sheet

American Community Survey
These new charts include all states, as well as counties and places that are at least 15% AA with populations that are between 5,000 and 20,000. The American Indian contrast charts cover all states, as well as counties and places with populations over 2,000 that are at least 10% Indian.The contrast charts posted for African Americans and Latinos in counties and places that are over 20,000 (based on the 3-year 2010-2012 ACS) are in this directory. Fact sheet

2010 ACS Contrast Charts by County and Place
We have uploaded around 2,500 new chart documents based on the 2008-2010 American Community Survey (ACS). The charts compare African Americans, Latinos, and non-Hispanic whites across a range of socio-economic indicators. Fact Sheet