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Center for Applied Research and Public Policy (CARPP)

  Publications - International Development and Governance

How to Interpret Obama at West Point?-By Nicholas Dungan

Does Barack Obama's speech last week to the graduating class of West Point outlining his philosophy on the United States role in the world represent a new "Obama Doctrine" or is it actually more in line with traditional US foreign policy since the Second World War? Read Article

The New Global Health Agenda: Universal Health coverage- by Oren Ahoobim, Daniel Altman, Laurie Garrett, Vicky Hausman,and Yanzhong Huang

The tremendous escalation between 1990 and 2008 in international support for global health programs spawned a massive increase in medical and public health services throughout poor countries. In middle-income countries, especially Brazil, Russia, India, and China(the BRICs), the commensurate rise in chronic, noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), and continuing concerns over infectious scourges have coincided with this new era for global health. Read report

Towards a Coherent Policy of Co-Development -- Patrick Weil

This paper is a first draft. It seeks to demonstrate the major benefits that a dedicated policy of co-development can bring to three major actors affected by immigration: receiving states, countries of origin, and the immigrants themselves. True co-development involves sustained cooperation between receiving nations and source nations in the management of both legal and illegal migratory flows. At the same time, it fosters the economic and demographic development of both the sending and the receiving country. This cooperation is based in large measure on understanding that, more than ever before, the best migration policy for developed nations is one that seeks not to block but to smoothly regulate the circulation and re-circulation of the majority of foreigners and immigrants. Read article

Power Africa- By Ted Rappleye

When The Borgen Project uses advocacy to get Congress to increase the international affairs budget, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) gets most of the money. The organization uses its funding to provide food aid and implement programs to bolster infrastructure worldwide. One such USAID development initiative is Power Africa, a program designed to provide millions of people with electric power and fuel economic growth on the continent. Read article

PEPFAR Countries May See Drop in Pediatric AIDS Cases- By Bridget Tobin

AIDS transmission from mother to child is a devastating, yet almost completely preventable circumstance. Former United States president George W. Bush established PEPFAR, or The Presidents Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, in 2003, and the program continues to provide treatment today. However, cases of mother to child AIDS transmission are all too common in PEPFAR countries, which are typically located in sub-Saharan Africa. Ethiopia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Namibia and Zimbabwe are just a few on the extensive list. Read article

Solving Poverty from Space- By Grace Flaherty

On June 11, 2014, The United Nations Committee on Peaceful Uses of Outer Space opened its 57th annual session in Vienna. A major topic of discussion for this year’s panel, which runs through June 20, is how to use space to aid developing countries. From telemedicine to more accurate farming, there is no doubt spatial technology will have an increased role in the future of humanitarian aid. Read article

Cocoa and Poverty in the Democratic Republic of Congo- By Jeffrey Scott Haley

Extreme poverty in the Democratic Republic of Congo along with ongoing violence continues to affect millions of refugees and Congolese citizens. In a recent report carried out by the World Food Program (WFP), approximately 95 percent of people earn less than $2 a day while almost 43 percent of children suffer from chronic malnutrition in the DRC. Read article

The Roots of the Widening Racial Wealth Gap: Explaining the Black-White Economic Divide-By Institute on Assets and Social Policy

Growing concerns about wealth inequality and the expanding racial wealth gap have in recent years become
central to the debate over whether our nation is on a sustainable economic path. This report provides critical
new information about what has fueled the racial wealth gap and points to policy approaches that will set our
country in a more equitable and prosperous direction. brief

US-Iran Diplomacy- Al Jazeera America

http://america.aljazeera.com/topics/topic/issue/us-iran-diplomacy.html

21 shocking facts about global poverty- One.org

We hope you have a ghoulish weekend ahead of you full of tricks (a few), treats (lots) and plenty of pumpkin spiced lattes! But if you want to have a REAL scare, check out our list of the most SHOCKING global poverty facts that we’re willing to bet you didn’t know. Fact brief

Africa Development Indicators 2012/2013

For over a decade, Sub-Saharan Africa has been experiencing relatively rapid economic growth, averaging about 5 percent a year. Emblematic of this growth is the information and communications technology (ICT) revolution in Africa, with over 80 percent of urban Africans with access to cellphones.Thanks to economic growth, poverty has been declining, with the absolute number of people living on less than $1.25 a day falling (by about 9 million) for the first time in history. article

What Climate Change Means for Africa, Asia, and the Coastal Poor

A new climate report looks at likely impacts of present day, 2°C, and 4°C warming across Sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia and South East Asia. It describes the risks to agriculture and livelihood security in Sub-Saharan Africa; the rise in sea-level, loss of coral reefs and devastation to coastal areas likely in South East Asia; and the fluctuating water resources in South Asia. article

Is Urbanization in Sub-Saharan Africa Different? by: J Vernon Henderson, Mark Roberts and Adam Storeygard

In the past dozen years, a literature has developed arguing that urbanization has unfolded differently in post-independence Sub-Saharan Africa than in the rest of the developing world, with implications for African economic growth overall. While African countries are more urbanized than other countries at comparable levels of income, it is well-recognized that total and sector gross domestic product data are of very low quality, especially in Africa.  report

The Effect of Biodiesel Policies on World Oilseed Markets and Developing Countries- by Harry de Gorter,Dusan Drabik,and Govinda R. Timilsina

Using an empirical model, this study provides some insights into the functioning of the oilseed-biodiesel-diesel market complex in a large country that determines the biodiesel price, reflecting market equilibrium changes resulting from volatility in the crude oil price. report

After 50 Years of the OAU-AU: Time to Strengthen the Conflict Intervention Framework-Brookings Institute

2013 marks 50 years since the birth of the Organization of African Unity (OAU), which became the African Union (AU) in 2002. This week, as the continent’s leaders and other Africanists meet to commemorate this special occasion, it is also the appropriate time to reflect on some of the principles, successes and shortcomings of the organization. article

Metropolitan Areas- Brookings Institute

As nations rapidly urbanize, metropolitan areas are becoming hubs for innovation, production, trade and investment within countries and across international borders. Brookings experts examine how metropolitan areas are engaging in the world markets to create more jobs, attract global talent and investment, and spur long-term, sustainable economic growth. article

Impacts of Malaria Interventions and their Potential Additional Humanitarian Benefits in Sub-Saharan Africa- by David Caprara and Ken Ballen

Over the past decade, the focused attention of African nations, the United States, U.N. agencies and other
multilateral partners has brought significant progress toward achievement of the Millennium Development
Goals (MDGs) in health and malaria control and elimination. The potential contribution of these strategies to
long-term peace-building objectives and overall regional prosperity is of paramount significance in sub-regions
such as the Horn of Africa and Western Africa that are facing the challenges of malaria and other health crises
compounded by identity-based conflicts. article

To End Poverty Worldwide, Fix African Agriculture First By: John McArthur

The public chorus to eliminate extreme poverty by 2030 now includes U.S. President Barack Obama, World Bank President Jim Yong Kim and Bono. The backdrop is extremely promising since the developing world has already cut the share of people living in absolute poverty – that is, on less than the equivalent of $1.25 a day – by half since 1990. At a consistent rate of progress, the other half could well cross the line in another 20 years too. article

The Besieged Polis Citizen Insecurity and Democracy in Latin America- by Kevin Casas-Zamora

The political dimension of citizen insecurity is central to understanding the current and future state of democracy in Latin America.Levels of violent crime in the region and widespread perceptions about them have clear effects on citizens’ exercise of fundamental rights and freedoms, which go to the very heart of the notion of citizenship and the democratic system. article

CARIBBEAN REGIONAL DISASTER RESPONSE AND MANAGEMENT MECHANISMS:PROSPECTS AND CHALLENGES- By Mark Kirton

The increasing intensity and frequency with which disasters are being experienced worldwide demonstrate the critical need to enhance disaster risk management. Indeed, high-profile, large scale disasters are increasing global consciousness of the need to strengthen national and regional capacities to mitigate, respond to and manage such events (Ferris and Petz 2013). article

Energy for a Sustainable Future

Energy is at the heart of most critical economic, environmental and developmental issues facing
the world today. Clean, efficient, affordable and reliable energy services are indispensable for
global prosperity. Developing countries in particular need to expand access to reliable and mod-
ern energy services if they are to reduce poverty and improve the health of their citizens, while at
the same time increasing productivity, enhancing competitiveness and promoting economic
growth. Report

A Global Green New Deal for Climate,Energy,and Development- by United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs

The world can avoid dangerous climate change –by pushing down the price of renewable energy,as quickly as possible.The aim of climate negotiationsis to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and enable adaptation to climate change without endangering momentum on development.This paper proposes an approach that can help achieve all these objectives in a practical and timely manner:a focus on accelerated investment in a renewable energy future. Report

Doing Good: The Best Practices list by United Nations

The present document provides a brief description of the 105 Best Practices as determined by an independent Technical Advisory Committee. These best practices have been selected from over 600 submissions from 95 countries, national committees for Habitat II, regional and international organizations. Report

STATUS OF REGIONAL INTEGRATION IN THE SADC REGION By Eng. João Samuel Caholo

Facilitating accession by Member States that are not yet participating in the SADC FTA through provision of technical participating in the SADC FTA through provision of technical assistance. Report

Bringing Star Power to Earth By Young-Gil Kim

The international community is threatened by a global energy crisis, climate, and ecosystem changes due to global warming, as well as water and food contamination. The whole world faces tremendous challenges in closing the gap between projected energy demand and the supply of sustainable, carbon-free, affordable energy. Brief

A Unified Approach to Measuring Poverty and Inequality- by James Foster,Suman Set,Michael Lokshin,and Zurab Sajaia

What is poverty? At its most general level, poverty is the absence of acceptable choices across a broad range of important life decisions—a severe lack of freedom to be or to do what one wants. The inevitable outcome of poverty is insufficiency and deprivation across many of the facets of a fulfilling life. article

How can the gender gap in Africa be closed?- by World Economic Forum

The World Economic Forum has launched an Africa Gender Parity Group to work to close the continent’s gender gap. It comprises 40 influential female and male leaders from business, politics and civil society launch the first Africa Gender Parity Group and is intended to foster collaboration on new ways to close economic, health, education and political empowerment gaps between men and women. article

In Latin America, Closing the Gender Gap Brings Fresh Challenges-by Elizabeth Whitman

Over the past four decades in Latin America and the Caribbean, women have made remarkable strides in education, health, labour, and beyond, with girls now outperforming boys in school, the rate of working women more than doubling in many countries, and female participation rising in politics. article

The Role of Agriculture in Reducing Poverty in South Africa- by FAMU- College of Agriculture and Food Sciences

Recent studies show that more than half of the population in South Africa has been living below the poverty line since 2001, and that figure has not significantly changed since 1996. Albeit a stagnate rate, those households which are living in poverty have plummeted deeper into poverty and the actual gap between the rich and poor has broadened. Forum