Center for Applied Research and Public Policy (CARPP)

  Publications - Crime and Criminal Justice

REDUCING YOUTH INCARCERATION in the United States- The Annie Casey Foundation

A sea change is underway in our nation’s approach to dealing with young people who get in trouble with the law. Although we still lead the industrialized world in the rate at which we lock up young people, the youth confinement rate in the United States is rapidly declining. In 2010 this rate reached a new 35-year low, with almost every state confining a smaller share of its youth population than a decade earlier. Read article


 Collecting DNA from Arrestees: Implementation Lessons

by: Julie Samuels, Elizabeth Davies, Dwight Pope and Ashleigh Holand

 In the summer of 2011, a man was arrested for the abduction of a 15-year-old girl in the small Dayton, Ohio, suburb of Englewood.1 A new state law, which expanded the pool of individuals eligible to have their DNA collected to include those arrested for a felony offense, allowed sheriff’s deputies to collect a DNA sample from the arrested man.... Read article


 Movin' Out: Crime Displacement and HUD's HOPE VI Initiative

 by: Meagan Cahill, Samantha Lowry and P. Mitchell Downey

The purpose of this project was to conduct an evaluation of the impact on crime of the closing, renovation, and subsequent reopening of selected public housing developments under the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)’s Housing Opportunities for People Everywhere (HOPE VI) initiative.. Read booklet

Sex abuse in the Districts of Columbia Patterns and trends, 2000-2009

by: Meagan Cahill and John K. Roman

Researchers face many challenges in studying sexual assault. Prior research finds sexual assault is commonly underreported. Thus, official sexual assault statistics likely undercount the number of assaults... Read brief

The communities role in defining the Aims of the Criminal Law

by: James B. Jacobs

Professor Hart’s Essay, "The Aims of the Criminal Law" covers so much ground that it might seem churlish to point out what he hasn’t thoroughly canvassed. However, in seeking to flesh out Professor Hart’s analysis still more broadly by focusing on the "community’s" role" in the design and operation of the criminal law and the criminal justice system... read article


Principles and Practice in Housing for Persons with Mental Illness Who Have Had Contact with the Justice System

by:Caterina Gouvis Roman, Elizabeth Cincotta McBride, Jenny W. L. Osborne

This paper presents an overview of housing options used for persons with mental illness who have had contact with the criminal justice system. Our intent is to synthesize
available knowledge regarding types of housing that are available to this population, as well as which types are associated with
improved outcomes for consumers.  Read article

Mass Incarceration and the Proliferation of Criminal Records
by: James B.Jacobs

The criminal Justice system feeds on itself. the more people who are arrested, prosecuted, convicted, and especially incarcerated, the larger is the criminally stigmatized underclass screened out of legitimate opportunities, steered toward criminal careers and further incarceration.  Read article

Delinquent Youth Committed to the Department of Youth Rehabilitation Services 2004-2011

This report explores recent trends in the commitment of delinquent youth to the custody of the Department of Youth Rehabilitation Services (DYRS). Commitments to DYRS increased considerably from
2006-07 to 2009-10, due to more youth being committed following adjudication on misdemeanors. In 2011, commitments to DYRS declined, due to fewer youth being committed on felonies. By 2011, most youth committed to DYRS were misdemeanants.   Read article

Pre-Trial Detention of Dangerous and Violent Defendants Following Passage of the Omnibus Public Safety Justice Amendment Act of 2009

On July 31, 2009, the DC Council unanimously passed the Omnibus Public Safety and Justice Amendment Act of 2009 (hereafter, “the Act”), a comprehensive anticrime bill
with a particular focus on gun crime and other violent crime in the District of Columbia. The Act was signed by the mayor on August 26 and became effective on December 10,2009, after the Congressional Review period passed.  Read article

Using Public Surveillance Systems for Crime Control and Prevention: A Practical Guide for Law Enforcement and Their Municipal Partners

Municipalities across the country are in a constant search for effective public safety interventions that will curb crime and improve the livability and economic well-being of their communities. This is particularly true among law enforcement agencies that embrace a community policing philosophy, which has become a key component of policing efforts in most mid- and
large-sized law enforcement agencies across the United States.  Read Article

Drug Courts Can Reduce Substance Use and Crime, Five-Year Study Shows, But Effectiveness Hinges on the Judge

The most extensive study of drug courts—a five-year examination of 23 courts and six comparison jurisdictions in eight states—found that these court programs can significantly decrease drug use and criminal behavior, with positive outcomes ramping upward as participants sensed their judge treated them more fairly, showed greater respect and interest in them, and gave them more chances to talk during courtroom proceedings.  Read Article