Center for Applied Research and Public Policy (CARPP)

  Newsletters - Income and Poverty

 Poverty Main

The Census Bureau reports poverty data from several major household surveys and programs. The Annual Social and Economic Supplement (ASEC) to the Current Population Survey (CPS) is the source of official national poverty estimates. The American Community Survey (ACS) provides single and multi-year estimates for smaller areas. The Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) provides longitudinal estimates. The Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) program provides model-based poverty estimates for counties and school districts.  article

Poverty in America: How We Can Help Families

For every distressing national poverty statistic, the numbers for children are worse. While one-sixth of all Americans live in poverty and one-third live in "near poverty," with incomes below twice the poverty level, one fourth of children under age five are poor and nearly half fall into the "near poor" category. article

The Effort of Cognitive and Non-Cognitive Abilities on Labor Market Outcomes

 An individual’s success in the work place and life is determined by skills that are related to knowledge acquisition (cognitive) and characteristics such as charisma, responsibility, and initiative (non-cognitive). These skills influence individuals from an early age and have direct and indirect effects on economic well being and a host of socioeconomic factors, including participation in risky behaviors.  article

Devolution, Discretion, and Variation in Local TANF Sanctioning

With the introduction of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) in 1996, state policymakers were given significant freedom to craft their own approaches to public assistance. Devolution of authority from the Federal to
state government has been accompanied by a significant decentralization of policy making authority within states, as
well. TANF’s emphasis on flexible services and sanctioning virtually ensured that decision making would be given to
local implementer, including case managers, in the new world of welfare service delivery.  article
State Policies and the Gap in Food Insecurity Rates of Food Stamp Participants and Eligible Non-Participants
As the largest food assistance program in the United States, the Food Stamp Program is the centerpiece of the social safety
net against hunger. To serve effectively as a safety net, households in danger of hunger need to participate in the Food Stamp Program, and the Program must provide them with an effective means of reducing the risk of hunger. These two broad goals of facilitating participation among those in need and then improving the well-being of participants
central to all assistance programs.  article
Experimental Evidence on the Influence of Race and Ethnicity on TANF Sanctioning
This research focuses on how decisions to sanction TANF clients are shaped by the interplay of racial status and character markers. Our analysis falls into a long tradition of research on the ways that major societal institutions produce racial disparities. Despite the broad scope of this research, it is unclear whether such findings might generalize to welfare implementation.  article
Socioeconomic Status and Child Health Outcomes in Appalachia
Research increasingly indicates poor health in childhood may be important in transmitting health disparities across
the income distribution later in life, and that these links are especially pronounced among individuals from lower socioeconomic backgrounds. This may be particularly problematic for families in Appalachia, who tend to be poorer and in worse health than other Americans.  article
The impact of the introduction of premiums into Kentucky’s SCHIP program- By James Marton

The State Children’s Health Insurance Program (SCHIP) was introduced in the late 1990’s to initiate and expand health insurance coverage for uninsured, low-income children. article

What we know, don’t know, and need to know about welfare reform- by Rebecca Blank

Although welfare changes are among the most thoroughly evaluated public policies, it is striking how many questions remain unanswered. article

Evidence about potential role for Affirmative Action in higher education- by Braz Camargo, Ralph Stinebrickner, and Todd Stinebrickner

In two recent cases involving the University of Michigan, the Supreme Court examined whether race should be allowed to play an explicit role in the admission decisions of schools. article

A Research Agenda on Poverty in America’s South- by James P. Ziliak

It is a distinct pleasure to welcome you to the inaugural issue of Insights on Southern Poverty, a quarterly newsletter of the UK Center for Poverty Research(UKCPR). article

Welfare Time Limits Nationwide and in the South- by Dan Bloom

Few features of the 1990s welfare reforms generated as much attention and controversy as time limits on benefit receipt. Time limits first emerged in state welfare reform experiments operated under federal waivers before 1996, and then became a central feature of federal welfare policy in the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA), which became law in August of that year. article

School Accountability and the Education of Low-Income Children- by David Figlio

The federal No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB) continued a national trend toward increased school accountability—the notion that schools should face rewards and sanctions based on the performance of their students. article

Historical Perspectives on Racial Differences in Schooling- by William Collins and Robert A. Marg

Few public policy issues in the United States receive as much scrutiny as the racial gap in schooling. Black children lag behind their white counterparts in most dimensions of schooling, such as attendance, enrollment, completion of specific grades, and most notably, test scores. article

The Rise of Low-Skill Immigration in the South- by George J. Borjas

With the resurgence of large-scale immigration to the United States in recent decades, it is not surprising that the impact of immigration on the country’s social and economic conditions is a topic of significant policy debate. article

The New Promised Land: Black-White Wage Convergence in the American South,1940-2000- by Jacob L. Vigdor

For decades, economists and other social scientists have been studying racial inequality in the American labor market. While some degree of inequality between blacks and whites can be found in all parts of the country, the widest disparities have historically been found in the South. Extreme southern inequality, fed by institutionalized patterns of discrimination in the job market, among other factors, led millions of southern blacks to migrate to other parts of the country between 1920 and 1965. article

Labor-market returns to community college attendance: evidence from Kentucky- by Christopher Jepsen

In July 2009, President Obama announced a $12 billion initiative to increase assistance to the nation’s community colleges(Kellogg and Tomsho, 2009). The announcement, delivered at Macomb Community College in Michigan, illustrates the administration’s view that community colleges are an essential component of the nation’s economy. article
The Roots of the Widening Racial Wealth Gap: Explaining the Black-White Economic Divide- By Institute on Assets and Social Policy

Growing concerns about wealth inequality and the expanding racial wealth gap have in recent years become
central to the debate over whether our nation is on a sustainable economic path. This report provides critical
new information about what has fueled the racial wealth gap and points to policy approaches that will set our
country in a more equitable and prosperous direction. Article