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College of Science, Engineering, and Technology

Center for Materials Research

Faculty

Dr. Sam-Shajing Sun

CMR Faculty-Dr. Sam-Shajing Sun

Professor of Chemistry

Ph.D., Chemistry, University of Southern California, LA, California
M.S., Chemistry, California State University at Northridge, California
B.S., Chemistry, Peking University Beijing, China

RTC Suite #511, Norfolk State University,
700 Park Ave., Norfolk, VA 23504,
Phone: (757) 823-2993
Email: ssun@nsu.edu

Biography

Dr. Sun obtained his B.S. degree in physical chemistry from Peking University (Beijing, China), his M.S. degree in analytical/Nuclear chemistry from California State University (Northridge, California), and his Ph.D. degree in organic/polymer/materials chemistry from the University of Southern California (Los Angeles, California, 1996). After a postdoctoral fellowship experience at the Loker Hydrocarbon Research Institute (Director: George Olah), Dr. Sun joined the Chemistry Department and the Center for Materials Research (CMR) at Norfolk State University as a tenure-track faculty member in spring of 1998. He was promoted to associate professor (with tenure) in the spring of 2002, and was promoted to full professor in spring 2006.

Synergistic Activities

At Norfolk State University, Prof. Sun teaches undergraduate courses including "General Chemistry", "Organic Chemistry", "Special Topics", "Chemistry Literature/Seminars", and graduate courses including "Polymers/Composites", "Advanced Organic Chemistry", "Introduction to Organic Optoelectronic Materials and Devices", "Materials and Devices for Solar Energy Conversions", etc. Other academic/professional activities include invited evaluation of new college textbooks such as "Organic Chemistry" by F. Gary et al., serving as an associate editor for an Elsevier journal "Solar Energy", serving as an editorial board member of the journals "International Journal of Photoenergy ", serving as a technical panelist or referee for several scientific communities and publishers, including the International Society for Optical Engineering (SPIE), Materials Research Society (MRS), American Chemical Society (ACS), American Institute of Physics (AIP), Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC), Elsevier, Springer, Willey, CRC/Taylor & Francis, and serving as a research proposal reviewer for a number of funding agencies including the National Science Foundation (NSF), Department of Energy (DOE), National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Department of Defense, American Chemical Society Petroleum Research Foundation (ACS-PRF), Bank of America, US Civilian Research and Development Foundation for the Former Soviet Union (CRDF-FSU), Canada Council of Arts (CCA), Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO), etc.

Research

Professor Sun's research expertise and interests include the design, synthesis, processing, characterization, and modeling of novel supra-molecular nano structured organic and polymeric solid state materials and thin films devices for electronic (including photoelectric and thermoelectric) and photonic applications. His research group is currently investigating and developing novel polymeric materials with unique supra-molecular nano structures and tailored frontier orbital energy levels and gaps, for instance, a unique donor-bridge-acceptor type conjugated block copolymer system, a unique dye sensitized triple material systems, and related solid state bicontinuous ordered nano structures (BONS) for photo detector and solar cell device applications.

Journal Papers

93. Nguyen, T.; Zhang, C.; Li, R.; Sun, S.; “Synthesis and Characterization of New Sulfone-Derivatized Phenylenevinylene-Based Conjugated Copolymers with Lower Energy Levels and Gaps”, J. Poly. Sci, Poly. Chem., 2012, 50, 1197-1204.
92. Sun, J.; Zhang, C.; Venkatesan, S.; Li, R.; Sun, S.; Qiao, Q, “Regioregularity and Solar Cell Device Performance of Poly(3-dodecylthinylenevinylene)”, J. Poly. Sci, Poly. Phys., 2012, 50, 917-922.
91. Sun, S.; Zhang, C.; Li, R.; Nguyen, T.; David, T.; Brooks, J., “Frontier orbital and morphology engineering of conjugated polymers and block copolymers for potential high efficiency photovoltaics”, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells, 2012, 97, 150–156.
90. Lu, S.L.; Sun, S.; Niu, J.; Zeng, L.; Liu, H.; Zhao, X., “Poly (thienylene methine) grafted nanocrystalline TiO2 based hybrid solar cells”, J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron., 2012. DOI 10.1007/s10854-011-0397-7.
89. Zhang, C.; Sun, J.; Li, R.; Sun, S.; Lafalce, E.; Jiang, X., “Poly(3-dodecylthinylenevinylene) with Controlled Regioregularity”, Macromolecules, 2011. 44, 6389-6396.
88. Sun, S. and O’Neill, H., “Chapter 16: Sunlight Energy Conversion via Organics”, an invited chapter in Handbook of Photovoltaic Science and Engineering, 2nd edition, Luque, A and Hegedus, S., eds., John Wiley and Sons, Ltd., the Atrium, England, pp 675-715, 2011.
87. Sun, S.; Zhang, C.; Li, R.; Nguyen, T.; David, T.; Sun, J., “New Polymers for Energy Applications”, Poly. Prep., 241, 2011.
86. Zhang, C.; Matos, T.; Li, R.; Sun, S.; Lewis, J.; Zhang, J.; Jiang, X., “Poly(3-dodedyl-2,5-thienylenevinylene)s from the Stille coupling and the Horner–Emmons reaction”, Polym. Chem., 2010, 1, 663-669.
85. Zhang, C.; Sun, J.; Li, R.; Black, S.; Sun, S.; “Synthesis and Energy Gap Studies of A Series of Sulfone-Substituted Polyphenylenevinylenes (SF-PPVs)”, Syn. Met., 2010, 160, 16-21.
84. Nguyen, T.; Zhang, C.; Li, R.; Sun, S.; “A Series of New Vinylene Based Conjugated Polymers with Sulfone Phenylene and Different Donor Co-monomers for Energy Applications”, Poly. Mater. Sci. Eng., 2010, 103, 421.
83. Sun, S.; Zhang, C.; Nguyen, T., “ENERGY GAP AND FUNCTIONAL GROUP ENGINEERING OF C-POLYMER BLOCKS”, Poly. Prep., 2010, 51(1), 707-708.
82. Lu, S.L.; Sun, S.; Jiang, X.X.; Mao, J.W.; Li, T.H.; Wan, K.X., “In situ 3-hexylthiophene polymerization onto surface of TiO2 based hybrid solar cells”, J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron., 2010, 21, 682-686.
81. Zhang, C.; Nguyen, T.; Sun, J.; Li, R.; Black, S.; Bonner, C.; Sun, S.; “Design, Synthesis, Characterization, and Modeling of A Series of S,S-Dioxo-Thienylenevinylene-Based Conjugated Polymers with Evolving Frontier Orbitals”, Macromolecules, 2009, 42, 663-670.
80. Yang, Q.; Battle, R.; Zhang, C.; Ma, S. M.; Seo, J. T.; Tabibi, B.; Temple, D.; Sun, S.; Jung, S. S. and Namkung, M.,Optical Spectroscopy of PPV-Based Block Copolymers of Nanostructured Supramolecular Organic Semiconductor”, J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 2009, 9, 995-999.
79. Zhang, C.; Annih, E.; Li, R.; Sun, S., C12-PTV with controlled regioregularity for photovoltaic application. SPIE, 2009, 7213 (DOI:10.1117/12.808508).
78. Sun, S. and Dalton, L. eds, Introduction to Organic Electronic and Optoelectronic Materials and Devices, CRC Press/Taylor & Francis: Boca Raton, Florida, USA, May 2008 (ISBN-10: 0849392845; ISBN-13: 978-0849392849).
77. Sun, S., “Basic Electronic Structures and Charge Carrier Generation in Organic Optoelectronic Materials”, in Introduction to Organic Electronic and Optoelectronic Materials and Devices, CRC Press/Taylor & Francis: Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 2008, chapter 3, pp 47-86.
76. Qu, L; Dai, L; Sun, S., “Conjugated Polymers, Fullerene C60 and Carbon Nanotubes for Optoelectronic Devices”, in Introduction to Organic Electronic and Optoelectronic Materials and Devices, CRC Press/Taylor & Francis: Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 2008, chapter 8, pp 237-261.
75. Zhang, C and Sun, S., “Organic and Polymeric Photovoltaic Materials and Devices”, in Introduction to Organic Electronic and Optoelectronic Materials and Devices, CRC Press/Taylor & Francis: Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 2008, chapter 14, pp 401-420.
74. Gavrilenko, A.; Matos, T.; Bonner, C.; Sun, S.; Zhang, C.;and Gavrilenko, V. “Optical Absorption of Poly(thienylene vinylene)-Conjugated Polymers: Experiment and First Principle TheoryJ. of Phy. Chem., C. 2008, 112(21), 7908-7912.
73. Sun, S. “Organic and Polymeric Solar Cells”, an invited review article in Handbook of Organic Electronics and Photonics, edited by S. H. Nalwa, American Scientific Publishers, Los Angeles, California, 2008, vol. 3, chapter 7, pp 313-350.
72. Nguyen, Thuong H.; Zhang, Cheng; Sun, Sam-Shajing. “Synthesis and characterization of a functional low energy gap poly(thienylenevinylene-S,S-dioxide-thienylene vinylene) for potential supramolecular optoelectronic applications”. Poly. Prepr., 2008, 49(1), 381-382.
71. Matos, Taina D.; Zhang, Cheng; Sun, Sam-Shajing. Improved synthesis and characterization of a low energy gap and mono-end functional Poly-(3-dodecyl-2,5-thienylenevylene)”. Poly. Mater. Sci. Eng., 2008, 98, 522.
70. Gavrilenko, A. V.; Matos, T. D.; Bonner, C. E.; Gavrilenko, V. I.; Sun, S.-S.; Zhang, C.Effect of interchain interaction on linear optical properties of poly(thienylenevinylene). SPIE, 2007, 6638.
69. Sun, S. “Recent Progress of Organic Photovoltaics”, an invited review article in Advances in Solar Energy, edited by Y. Goswami, American Solar Energy Society, Boulder, CO, 2007, 17, Chapter 3, 74-98.
68. Sun, S., “Polymer Photovoltaic Optimizations From Exciton Level”, J. Mater. Sci., 2007, 18, 1143-1146.
67. Sun, S., Zhang, C. Choi, S.; Ledbetter, A.; Bonner, C.; Drees, M.; Sariciftci, S., “Photovoltaic enhancement of organic solar cells by a bridged donor-acceptor block-copolymer approach”, Appl. Phys. Lett., 2007, 90, 043117.
66. Zhang, C. and Sun, S., “Efficient Synthesis of an Aldehyde-Capped Polythiophene Containing Fluorinated Electron-Withdrawing Groups”, J. Poly. Sci. (A) Polym. Chem., 2007, 45, 41-47.
65. Sun, S. Photoelectric processes of organic versus inorganic semiconductors. Poly. Prepr., 2007, 48(1), 87-88.
64. Zhang, C.; Cleveland, T.; Sun, S. Mono-end functionalized conjugated polymers for donor-bridge-acceptor (DBA) block copolymers. Poly. Mater. Sci. Eng., 2007, 96, 242-243.
63. Cleveland, Taina D.; Zhang, Cheng; Sun, Sam-Shajing, Synthesis of a new low energy gap, processible, and functionable conjugated polymer poly(3-dodecyl-2,5-thienylenevinylene). Poly. Mater. Sci. Eng., 2007, 96, 187.
62. Choi, Soobum; Seo, Kang; Zhang, Cheng; Sun, Sam-Shajing. Morphological studies of a donor-bridge-acceptor block copolymer system. SPIE, 2006, 6334 (Organic Photovoltaics VII), 63340Z/1-63340Z/11.
61. Zhang, C.; Choi, S.; Haliburton, J.; Li, R.; Cleveland, T.; Sun, S.; Ledbetter, A.; Bonner, C.; “Design, Synthesis, and Characterization of a -Donor-Bridge-Acceptor-Bridge- Type Block Copolymer via Alkoxy and Sulfone Derivatized Polyphenylenevinylenes”, Macromolecules, 2006, 39, 4317-4326.
60. Seo, J.; Yang, Q.; Ma, S.; Creekmore, L.; Battle, R.; Jackson, A.; Skyles, T. ; Brown, H.; Tabibi, B. ; Sun, S.; Zhang, C.; Jung, S.; and Namkung, M. “Optical Properties of Nanostructured Supramolecular Organic SemiconductorJournal of Physics: Conference Series 38, 2006, 4, 53–56.
59. Zhang, Cheng; Choi, Soobum; Haliburton, James; Sun, Sam-Shajing; Ledbetter, Abram; Bonner, Carl, “Development of PPV-based block copolymers for photovoltaics”, Poly. Mater. Sci. Eng., 2006, 95, 243-244.
58. Adebolu, Olumide I.; Bonner, Carl E.; Sun, Sam Shajing; Zhang, Cheng, “Emission dynamics of donor and acceptor substituted PPV for photovoltaic applications”, Poly. Mater. Sci. Eng., 2006, 95, 270.
57. Lorts, Amanda M.; Vick, Shameika; Bonner, Carl E.; Zhang, Cheng; Sun, Sam-Shajing, “An investigation into the surface structure and composition of a novel DBAB block copolymer using AFM and NSOM”, Poly. Prep., 2006, 47(2), 981.
56. Winston, Kizzy M.; Bonner, Carl E.; Sun, Sam-Shajing; Zhang, Cheng. “Measurement of the electrical properties of donor and acceptor derivatized PPV block copolymers Center for Photonic Materials Research, Norfolk State University, Norfolk, VA, USA. Poly. Mater. Sci. Eng., 2006, 94, 522.
55. Zhang, Cheng; Sun, Sam-Shajing; Bonner, Carl E.; Kim, Songku; Fetterman, Harold R.; Dalton, Larry R. “Polymer materials for electro-optic and optoelectronic applications: maximizing device performances by creating desirable intermolecular electrostatic interactions SPIE, 2005, 6020, 1-8.
54. Sun, S. and Sariciftci, S., eds., Organic Photovoltaics: Mechanisms, Materials and Devices, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, 2005 (ISBN-10: 0-8247-5963-X; ISBN-13: 978-0824759636).
53. Sun, S. and Bonner, C., “Chapter 8: Optimizations of Organic Solar Cells in Both Space and Energy/Time Domains”, in Organic Photovoltaics: Mechanisms, Materials and Devices, edited by Sun and Sariciftci, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, 2005, pp 183-214.
52. Sun, S.; Fan, Z.; Wang, Y.; Haliburton, J., “Organic Solar Cell Optimizations”, J. Mater. Sci., 2005, 40, 1429-1443.
51. Sun, S., “Optimal energy levels for organic donor/acceptor binary photovoltaic materials and solar cells”, Mater. Sci. & Eng., B, 2005, 116 (3), 251-256.
50. Sun, S.; Fan, Z.; Wang, Y.; Winston, K. and Bonner, C., “Morphological Effects to Carrier Mobility in a RO-PPV/SF-PPV Donor/Acceptor Binary Thin Film Opto-electronic Device”, Mater. Sci. & Eng. B, 2005, 116 (3), 279-282.
49. Thomas, S., Zhang, C. and Sun, S., “Synthesis and Characterization of a New Acceptor (N-type) Fluorinated and Terminal Functionalized Polythiophene”, J. Poly. Sci. (A) Polym. Chem., 2005, 43, 4280-4287.
48. Sun, S., “Optimal energy offsets for organic solar cells containing a donor/acceptor pair”, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells, 2005, 85, 261-267.
47. Sun, S.; Bonner, C., “Optimizing Organic Solar Cells in Both Space and Energy Domains”, Syn. Met., 2005, 154, 65-68.
46. Sun, S.; Zhang, C.; Haliburton, J.; Ledbetter, A.; Bonner, C.; Drees, M.; Sariciftci, N., “Organic Solar Cell Optimizations in Both Space and Energy Regimes: Large Open Circuit Voltage from a –DBAB- Type Block Copolymer”, in Organic Photovoltaics VI, SPIE, 2005, vol. 5938, pp. 59381D1-8.
45. Thomas, Shanneth; Zhang, Cheng; Sun, Sam-Shajing. “Synthesis and characterization of a new fluorinated ester substituted and terminal functionalized polythiophene”. Poly. Prep., 2005, 46(2), 641-642.
44. Sun, S.; “Polymer Morphology and Energy Levels Versus Photoelectric Power Conversion Efficiencies: A Preliminary Account”, in Organic Photovoltaics V, SPIE, 2004, vol. 5520, pp126-135.
43. Bonner, C.; Sun, S.; Wang, M.; Vick, S.; Winston, K.; Ledbetter, A.; Douglas, L., “Emission Quenching and Charge Separation in Bridged donor-acceptor Block Copolymers”, in Organic Photovoltaics V, SPIE, 2004, vol. 5520, pp224-231.
42. Maaref, S.; Thomas, S.; Wang, M. and Sun, S., “New Polythiophene Block Copolymers for Potential Light Harvesting Applications”, in Organic Optoelectronics, SPIE, 2004, vol. 5464, pp157-164.
41. Sun, S.; “Design and Development of Conjugated Block Copolymers for Use in Photovoltaic Devices”, in Organic Photovoltaics IV, SPIE, 2004, vol. 5215, pp195-205.
40. Sun, S., “Photovoltaic Devices Based on a Novel Block Copolymer”, US patent publication # US 2004/0099307 A1, May, 2004.
39. Maaref, S.; Roz, Z.; Sun, S.; Seo, K.; Bonner, C., “Fumaryl Chloride and Maleic Anhydride Derived Crosslinked Functional Polymers for NLO Waveguide Applications”, J. Appl. Poly. Sci., 2004, 92, 317-322.
38. Sun, S.; Fan, Z.; Wang, Y.; Taft, C.; Haliburton, J.; Maaref, S.; Ledbetter, A.; Bonner, C., “Block Copolymers for Optoelectronics”, in Materials, Active Devices, and Optical Amplifiers, SPIE, 2004, vol. 5280, pp253-263.
37. Sun, S., Design of a Block Copolymer Solar Cell”, Sol. Ener. Mater. Sol. Cel., 2003, 79(2), 257.
36. Sun, S.; Fan, Z.; Wang, Y.; Haliburton, J.; Taft, C.; Seo, K.; Bonner, C., “Conjugated Block Copolymers for Opto-Electronic Functions”, Syn. Met., 2003, 137(1-3), 883-884.
35. Thomas, S. and Sun, S., “Synthesis and Characterization of a New Polythiophene with Fluorinated Substituents”, Poly. Prepr., 2003, 441(1), 891.
34. Roz, Z. and Sun, S., “Synthesis and Characterization of a New Photo Crosslinkable Polyester for Photonic Applications”, Poly. Prepr., 2003, 441(1), 86.
33. Haliburton, J. and Sun, S., “Design and Synthesis of a New Fluorinated Polyphenylenevinylene ‘SF-PPV-II’”, Poly. Prepr., 2003, 441(1), 890.
32. Maaref, S and Sun, S., “New Terminal Functionalized Polythiophenes with Size Control”, Poly. Mater. Sci. Eng.,, 2003, 88, 510.
31. Sun, S., “Block Copolymers for Photovoltaics”, Poly. Mater. Sci. Eng., 2003, 88, 158.
30. Sun, S.; Fan, Z.; Wang, Y.; Taft, C.; Haliburton, J.; Maaref, S.; “Synthesis and Characterization of a Novel –D-B-A-B- Block Copolymer System for Light Harvesting Applications”, in Organic Photovoltaics III, SPIE, 2003, vol. 4801, pp114-124.
29. Bonner, C.; Ledbetter, J.; Harris, C.; Bolden, O.; Winston, K.; Wang, L.; Fan, Z.; and Sun, S.; “Measurement of the Optical Properties of Donor and Acceptor Derivatized PPV Block Copolymers”, in Organic Photonic Materials and Devices V, Grote, J. and Kaino, T. Eds., SPIE, 2003, vol. 4991, pp452-459.
28. Maaref, S.; Roz, Z.; Sun, S.; Barto, R.; Frank, C., “Photocrosslinking and SHG Stability of PDRMA/PDRFC Thin Films”, SPIE, 2002, vol. 4798, pp203-211.
27. Ma, J.; Song, H.; Frisch, H. L; Maaref, S.; Sun, S., Electrically Conductive Semi-IPNs Based on Polyaniline and Crosslinked Polyvinylacetate”, J. Appl. Poly. Sci., 2002, 85(11), 2287-2293.
26. Sun, S.; Maaref, S.; Bonner, C., “Chapter 2: Fumaryl Chloride and Maleic Anhydride Derived Crosslinked Functional Polymers and Nano Structures”, in Functional Condensation Polymers, eds., C. Carraher and G. Swift, Kluwer Academic Press, New York, 2002, pp 17-30.
25. Fan, Z.; Wang, Y.; Taft, C.; Haliburton, J.; Maaref, S. and Sun, S., “Synthesis and Characterization of a novel block copolymer containing donor and acceptor blocks”, Poly. Mater. Sci. Eng., 2002, 86, 47.
24. Wang, Y. and Sun, S., “Synthesis and Characterization of SF-PPV I”, Poly. Mater. Sci. Eng., 2002, 86, 67.
23. Sun, S.; Fan, Z.; Wang, Y.; Taft, C.; Haliburton, J.; Maaref, S.; “Design and Synthesis of Novel Block Copolymers for Efficient Opto-Electronic Applications”, in Organic Photovoltaics II, SPIE, 2002, vol. 4465, pp 121-128.
22. Fan, Z.; Wang, Y.; Haliburton, J.; Maaref, S.; Sun, S., “Synthesis and Characterization of a Novel Block Copolymer Containing Donor and Acceptor Blocks”, NASA Tech Report NONP-NASA-CD-2002153469, NASA/STI Accession number: 20030016552, January, 2001.
21. Sun, S.; Maaref, S.; Alam, E., Wang, Y.; Fan, Z.; Bahoura, M.; Higgins, P.; Bonner, C. “Recent Development of Crosslinked NLO Polymers for Large Bandwidth Electro-Optical Modulations”, SPIE, 2001, vol. 4580, pp 297-308.
20. Seo, K.; Bonner, C.; Maaref, S.; Sun, S.; “Dielectric and Nonlinear Optical Properties of Fumaryl Type Photo Crosslinkable Polyesters”, in Quantum Confinement: Nano Structured Materials and Devices, ECS, 2001, pp 358-365.
19. Sun, S.; Maaref, S.; Alam, E.; Wang, Y.; Bahoura, M.; Bonner, C., “Synthesis and Characterization of Fumaryl Chloride Type Functional Crosslinked Polyesters”, Poly. Mater. Sci. Eng., 2001, 84, 431.
18. Sun, S.; Maaref, S.; Alam, E.; Saulter, J.; Wyatt, S., “New Crosslinkable Polyesters for Photonic Applications”, Poly. Mater. Sci. Eng., 2000, 83, 171.
17. Sun, S.; Maaref, S.; Alam, E.; Salter, J.; Wyatt, S., Wang, Y.; Bahoura, M.; Bonner, C.; “Synthesis and Characterization of Maleic Anhydride Derived Crosslinkable Polymers for Nonlinear Optical Applications”, SPIE, 2000, vol. 4106, 177-185.
16. Bonner, C.; Huey, L.; Haliburton, J.; Sun, S., “Optical Limiting Properties of Derivatized Carbothiacyanine Dyes”, SPIE, 2000, vol. 4106, 272-279.
15. Maaref, S.; Alam, E.; Salter, J.; Wyatt, S. and Sun, S., “Synthesis and Characterization of Maleic Anhydride Derived Crosslinkable Polymers for Nonlinear Optical Applications”, Poly. Prepr., 2000, 41(1), 850.
14. Rakhimov, R.; Jones, D.; Ries, H.; Fider, A.; Booker, B. and Sun, S., “Chromophore Centric Alignment via Radical Ion Pair Clusters”, Poly. Prepr., 1999, 40(1), 477.
13. Sun, S.; Zhang, C.; Yang, Z.; Dalton, L. R.; Garner, S. M.; Chen, A.; Steier, W. H., “Synthesis and Characterization of 1,3-bis(dicyanomethylidene)indane (BDMI)-based nonlinear optical polymers”, Polymer, 1998, 39(20), 4977.
12. Harper, A. W.; Sun, S.; Dalton, L. R.; Garner, S. M.; Chen, A.; Kalluri, S.;Steier, W. H.; Robinson, B. H., “Translating Microscopic Optical Nonlinearity into Macroscopic Optical Nonlinearity: the role of chromophore-chromophore electrostatic interactions”, J. Opt. Soc. Am. (B)., 1998, 15(1), 329.
11. He, M.; Zhu, J.; Harper, A.; Sun, S.; Dalton, L. R.; Garner, S. M.; Chen, A.; Steier, W. H., “Progress Towards the Translation of Large Microscopic Nonlinearity to Large Macroscopic Nonlinearities in High-mb Materials”, ACS Symp. Ser., 1998, 695, 258.
10. Sun, S.; Dalton, L. R; Garner, S. M.; Steier, W. H., “Preparation and NLO Properties of 1,3-Bis(Dicyanomethylidene)Indane (BDMI) Based Chromophores in PMMA Thin Films”, Polym. Prepr., 1997, 38(1), 928.
9. Dalton, L. R.; Harper, A. W.; Sun, S.; Steier, W. H.; Mustacich, R. V.; Jen, A. K-Y, “Charge Transfer Interaction in Polymers and the Fabrication of High Frequency Electro-optic Modulators”, Macromol. Symp. 1997, 116, 135.
8. Chen, A.; Chuyanov, V.; Mati-Carrera, F.; Garner, S.; Steier, W.; Chen, J.; Sun, S. and Dalton, L., “Integrated Polymer Waveguide Mode Size Transformer with a Vertical Taper for Improved Fiber Coupling”, SPIE, 1997, vol. 3005, pp 65-76.
7. Zhu, J.;He, M.; Harper, A.; Sun, S.; Dalton, L. R.; Garner, S. M.; Chen, A.; Steier, W. H., “Progress Towards the Translation of Large Microscopic Nonlinearity to Large Macroscopic Nonlinearities in High-mb Materials”, Polym. prepr, 1997, 38(1), 973.
6. Sun, S. “Design, Synthesis and Characterization of Novel Organic Photonic Materials”, Ph.D. Dissertation (University of Southern California, Los Angeles, 1996). Published at UMI Dissertation Services Co., order # DA9720297, Ann Arbor, MA, 1997. Diss. Abstr. Int., B 1997, 58(2), 734.
5. Sun, S.; Zhang, C.; Dalton, L. R.; Garner, S. M.; Chen, A.; Steier, W. H., “1,3-Bis(dicyanomethylidene) indane-Based Second-Order NLO Materials”, Chem. Matter., 1996, 8(11), 2539.
4. Dalton, L. R.; Harper, A. W.; Sun, S., “Design, Synthesis and Characterization of Novel Organic Photonic Materials”, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. Sci. Tech. A., 1996, 283, 119.
3. Liang, Z.; Yang, Z.; Sun, S.; Wu, B.; Dalton, L. R.; Garner, S. M.; Kalluri, S.; Chen, A.; Steier, W. H., “Processible and Thermally Stable Heterocyclic Polymers for Second-Order Nonlinear Optical Studies”, Chem. Matter., 1996, 8, 2681.
2. Sun, S.; Zhang, C.; Yang, Z.; Dalton, L. R., “1,3-Bis(dicyanomethylidene) indane (BDMI) Derived Second-Order NLO Polymers”, Poly. Mater. Sci. Eng., 1996, 75, 225.
1. Sun, S.; Harper, A. W.; Zhang, C.; Dalton, L. R.; Garner, S. M.; Chen, A.; Yacoubian, A.; Steier, W. H., “Synthesis and Characterization of 1,3-bis(dicyanomethylidene)indane (BDMI) derived second order NLO materials”, in "Electrical, Optical, and Magnetic Properties of Organic Solid State Materials III", Jen, A. K-Y., et. al. eds; MRS Symp. Proc., 1996, Vol 413, pp 263-268.

Grants

Department of Defense

  • Army Research Office, Novel Polymers for High Efficiency Renewable and Portable Power, 5/2011-04/2014, PI: Sam Sun

Department of Energy

  • Cost Effective Polymer Solar Cells Research and Education, 09/2010-08/2014, PI: Dr. Sam Sun

Awards and Honors