College of Science, Engineering, and Technology

Center for Materials Research


Dr. Kyo Song

CMR Faculty-Dr. Kyo Song

Professor of Engineering

Ph.D in University of Nebraska, Lincoln
MS in Hampton University, in Physics
BS in Inha University, Mechanical Engineering

RTC Suite #410D, Norfolk State University,
700 Park Ave., Norfolk, VA 23504,
Phone: (757) 823-8105
Email: ksong@nsu.edu


Dr. Song received his BS in Mechanical Engineering from Inha University and MS in Physics from Hampton University and Ph.D. from the Center of Electro Optics at University of Nebraska, Lincoln. He has worked as a Research Engineer at the Korean Institute of Aeronautical Technology, Seoul, Korea and Source Tek, Inc., Virginia. He has conducted research in Plasma and Pulse Power, Laser Physics, Electromagnetic interaction with materials, Space materials science, Gas Dynamics and Combustion Diagnostics. His current areas of research interests and publications are in the area of microwave driven smart materials, nanomaterials, micro-spectrometer, wireless power transmission, and neural sensors. Dr. Song joined Norfolk State University in 1993 and Department of Engineering in 2002. He has served as the chair of the Department of Engineering from July 1 2006 to June 30, 2011. Dr. Song is an Executive Committee member for SPIE (International Optical Engineering Society) Smart Structures/NDE, and serves as a Conference Co-chair of Nano-, Bio-, Info-Tech Sensors and Systems in 2011-2012.


  • Wireless Power Transmissions
  • Neural Sensors Development
  • Micro spectrometer
  • Molecular and Laser Spectroscopy
  • Smart Optics
  • Hypersonic Flow Diagnostics

Journal Papers

1. Sang Y. Yang, Jaehwan Kim, and Kyo D. Song, “ Flexible Patch Rectennas for Wireless Actuation of Cellulose Electro-active Paper Actuator,” J. Electr. Eng. Technol., Vol.7, No. 6; 954-958, 2012.
2. Hargsoon Yoon, Yeonjoon Park, Kyo D. Song, Uhn Lee, and Sang H. Choi, “Sensing of Neural Activity from Neural Tissues using a Micro-Spectrometer”, 2012 SPIE Global Congress on Nano devices for Engineering and Medicines, Incheon, Korea, September 10-13, 2012.
3. Kunik Lee, Jaehwan Kim, Sang Y. Yang , Hyun-Jung Kim, Yeonjoon Park, Michael J. Scherner, Glen C. King, Sang H. Choi, Hargsoon Yoon, and Kyo D. Song, Preliminary Operational Aspects of Microwave Powered Airship, submitted AIAA Journal of Propulsion and Power, Feb. 2, 2012.
4. Walter T. Golembiewski , Kyo D. Song, Jaehwan Kim and Sang H. Choi, “A new approach of Power Distribution by a Dual-Gate MOSFET for controlling Smart Actuator Array,” submitted Microwave and optical Technology Letters, Jan. 6, 2012.
5. Dudley R. Riddley, Frances R. Williams, Kyo D. Song, S.R.Yun, K. S. Kang, and Jaehwan Kim, “Effects of Electrode Pattern on the Actuator Performance of Cellulose Electro-Active Paper,” Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, Vol. 21, pp 401- 406, March 2010.
6. Uhn Lee, Kyo D. Song, Yeonjoon Park, Vijay Varadan, and Sang H. Choi, “ Perspective in nano-Neural Electronic Implant Wireless Power-Feed and Sensory Control, Journal of Nanotechnology in Engineering and Medicine, “ Vol. 1, pp 1-14 (021007), May, 2010
7. Y. Park, Laura Koch, Kyo Song, S. Park, Glen King, Sang Choi, “Miniaturization of a Fresnel Spectrometer,” J. Opt. A. Pure Appl. Opt. 10 (2008) 095301.
8. Kyo D. Song, S. H. Choi, and S. J. Scotti, Transpiration Cooling Experiment for Scramjet Engine Combustion Chamber by High Heat Fluxes, Journal of Propulsion and Power, Vol. 22, No. 1, pp 96-102, 2006.
9. Sang H. Choi, Kyo D. Song, Glen King, Sang Hyon Chu, “Microwave power for smart material actuators,” Journal of Smart. Mater. Struct. Vol. 13, November, 2003, pp38-48.
10. Kyo D. Song, Won J. Yi, Sang Hyon Chu* and Sang H. Choi, “Microwave Driven THUNDER Materials,” Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, Volume 36, Number 5, March 5, 2003.

Conference Papers

1. Courtney Smith, Kyo D. Song, and Hargsoon Yoon, Development of Wireless Neural Probing Systems for Simultaneous Dopamine and Neural Impulse Sensing in Addictive Behaviors,” Society for Research on Nicotine and Tabacco, Feb. 24-27, 2010, Baltimore, Maryland.
2. Josh Payne, Kyo D. Song, Sang Y. Yang, Jaehwan Kim, Yeonjoon Park, and Sang H. Choi, “Wireless power transmission for medical applications , SPIE Conference, San Diego, CA March 8-13, 2009.
3. Thomas B. Stout, Prathap Basappa, Frances Williams, Jaehwan Kim, and Kyo D. Song, “Study on Microwave Power via Rectenna for Airship Applications,” SPIE Conference, San Diego, CA, March 11 -13, 2008.
4. S. Y. Yang, J. Kim, Kyo D. Song, and S. Choi, “Microwave power transmission of flexible dipole rectenna for smart sensors and devices,” paper no. 65281E, SPIE, San Diego, CA, March 21-22, 2007.
5. Kyo D. Song, T. B. Stout, S. Y. Yang, J. Kim, “Energy Harvesting of Dipole Rectenna for Airship Applications,” paper no. 65280K, SPIE, San Diego, CA, March 21-22, 2007.
6. Quoc Tinh Huynh, Yoonjoon Park, Kyo D. Song, Sean Jones, and Sang H. Choi, Electronic and Optical properties of p-SiGe fabricated from a plasma sputtering technique,” AVS 53rd International Symposium & Exhibition, Moscone West Convention Center, San Francisco,November 12-17, 2006. CA
7. Kyo D. Song, Sean Jones, Jaehwan Kim and Sang Yeol Yang ,Sang H. Choi,” Design and Applications of Flexible Dipole Rectenna for Smart Actuators and Devices,” SPIE 2006, San Diego, CA, Feb. 26- March 2, 2006.
8. Kyo D. Song, Walter T. Golembiewski, Sean Jones, Jaehwan Kim and Sang Yeol Yang ,William Craft, Sang H. Choi, “ Design and Characterization of Flexible Dipole Rectennas for Smart Actuators,” (Invited Paper) 3rd ANNUAL INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP FOR MULTIFUNCTIONAL SMART ACTUATORS AND CONTROL SYSTEMS (SACS) FOR THE 21ST CENTURY, 13 - 14 December, 2005, Inha University, South Korea.
9. Kyo D. Song, Jaehwan Kim, Sang H. Choi,Walter T. Golembiewski, Sean Jones, and William Craft , “Design of Flexible Rectenna for Energy Harvesting,” National Educators’ Workshop, NEWS Conference 16 - 19 October, 2005, National Institute of Standardization Technology (NIST), MD.
10. Cheol Park, Jinho Kang, Kyo D. Song, Sharon E. Lowther, and Joycelyn S. Harrison, “Effects of Space Environment on Nanotube Polymer Nanocomposites,” Degradation Process in Nanostructured Materials, Materials Research Society Symposium Q, Boston, MA November 28 – December 2, 2005.
11. Mannur Sundaesan, Youngkun Park, Jaehwan Kim, Sang H. Choi, William J. Craft, Kyo D. Song, “Laser Scanning Vibrometer of Electro-Active Papers,” IMECE 2005-80564(International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition), November 5-11, 2005 Orlando, FL.
12. John Shelton, William Craft, Yong-Kun Park, Jag Sankar, Jaehwan Kim, Kyo Song, and Sang Choi, “Fatigue Properties of Electro-Active Papers for biomimetic actuators,” ASME, 2005.
13. John Shelton, Jaehwan Kim, Woochul Jung, William Craft, Kyo D. Song and Sang H. Choi, Mechanical and electrical properties of electroactive papers and its potential application – SPIE 5759-72, 2005.
14. Sang H. Choi, James R. Elliott, Glen C. King, Yeonjoon Park, Jae-Woo Kim, Sang-Hyon Chu, and Kyo D. Song, “Power Technology for Application-Specific Scenarios of High Altitude Airships,” 3rd International Energy Conversion Engineering Conference, San Francisco, CA August 15 -18, 2005..
15. Kyo D. Song, Sang. H. Choi, Walter T. Golembiewski, Sean Jones, Jaehwan Kim, and William Craft, “Wireless Power Feed and Control System,” AIAA-2005-5703, 3rd International Energy Conversion Engineering Conference, San Francisco, CA August 15 -18, 2005.
16. Kyo D. Song, “Extending PAD (Power Allocation and Distribution),” SPIE (International Optical Engineering Society) Proceeding Paper Number 5763-04, San Diego, CA, March 6-10, 2005.
17. Kyo D. Song, “Design and testing of flexible dipole rectennas,” SPIE (International Optical Engineering Society) Proceeding Paper Number 5763-6, San Diego, CA, March 6-10, 2005.
18. Kyo D. Song, “Power Transmission and Integration,” Second International Workshop for Multifunctional Smart Actuators and Control Systems (SACS) National Institute of Aerospace, Radisson Hotel, Hampton, 16-18 December, 2004.
19. Jaehwan Kim, Woochul Jung , William J. Craft , John Shelton , Kyo Song, Sang H. Choi, and Jag Sankar, Properties of Electro-active paper and its potential as a Bio-Inspired Actuator for Special Applications, IMECE2004-62486 (International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition), November 2004
20. Kyo D. Song, Kevin Henderson, and Walter T. Golembiewski, Jae Hwan Kim, and William Craft, “Design of Dipole Rectenna for Insect-like Robots, 19th Annual National Educators’ Workshop, Arizona State University, 16-20 October, 2004
21. Kyo D. Song, Sang H. Choi, Walter T. Golembiewski, Kevin Henderson, and Glen King, “Remotely Power Feed and Control Devices for Biomimic Robots,”Bio-nano & Quantum Technology Devices, 2004 Second World Congress on Biomimetic, Artificial Muscles and Nano-Bio, Albuquerque, New Mexico, December 6 - 8, 2004.
22. Kyo D. Song , Sang H. Choi, Walter Golembiewski, Kevin Henderson, Sam Chu, and Glen King, ”Rectenna Performances for Smart Membrane Actuators”, SPIE Proceeding Paper Number 5389-6, Newport Beach, San Diego, CA, 2004.
23. Kyo D. Song, Walter T. Golembiewski, Sang Hyon Chu, Glen King, and Sang H. Choi, “Actuation of THUNDER Materials by a Microwave,” AIAA 2003-6076, 1 st International Energy Conversion Engineering Conference, 17-21, August 2003, Portmouth, Virginia.
24. Kyo D. Song, Walter Golembiewski and Sang hyun Chu, “Microwave Controlled paper Actuator,” National Educators’ Workshop, October 19 to 21, 2003 at NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA.


Awards and Honors


Labs and Facilities